Full, gathered skirts, known as the dirndl skirt, became popular around 1945.
They were a type of accessory that came to be seen as more of a comfort rather than for style.
By the late 1930s, emphasis was moving to the back, with halter necklines and high-necked but backless evening gowns with sleeves.
Evening gowns with matching jackets were worn to the theatre, nightclubs, and elegant restaurants.
According to Shrimpton "Committed to ensuring the fair distribution of scarce but essential resources, namely food, clothing, and furniture, the government introduced a comprehensive rationing scheme based on allocation of coupons - a system deriving, ironically, from the German rationing plan devised in November 1930." Because clothes were rationed and fabric was scarcer, the hem lines of dresses rose to knee length.
Cloche hats remained popular until about 1933 while short hair remained popular for many women until late in the 1930s and even in the early 1940s.
The Great Depression took its toll on the 1930s womenswear due to World War II which dates from 1939-1945.
The elaborate trim was removed and was replaced by plain gloves.
Evening gowns were accompanied by elbow length gloves, and day costumes were worn with short or opera-length gloves of fabric or leather.
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Jean Patou, who had first raised hemlines to 18" off the floor with his "flapper" dresses of 1924, had begun lowering them again in 1927, using Vionnet's handkerchief hemline to disguise the change.